Choking in infants.
Infants are at an increased risk of choking because of their very narrow airway. Food is one of the main culprits. They’re also unable to chew. If an object lodges in the airway the baby cannot get oxygen into the lungs. If a baby is without oxygen for more than 4-6 minutes permanent brain damage can occur and death can occur at 8-10 minutes. This is why it is so important for you as a parent and everyone taking care of your infants to know what to do in the first minutes of an emergency.
- Baby stops coughing
- Turns red and then blue especially around the lips
- No sound or there’s a high pitched squeeky sound
What should you do?
- Have someone call 911 or call yourself as you begin to take care of the baby
- Pick the baby up
- Look in the mouth and if you see an object remove it (DO NOT DO A BLIND FINGER SWEEP)
- Turn the baby over so she’s resting on your forearm face down
- Your forearm is resting on your thigh for more support
- You should be sitting or kneeling to do this
- Head should be slightly lower than the rest of the body
- Deliver 5 back slaps between the shoulder blades
- If the object does not come out turn the baby over and look in the mouth
- If you see something and can remove it do so (NO BLIND FINGER SWEEP)
- Place the baby face up resting on your other arm
- Deliver 5 chest thrusts
- Check the mouth
- Continue 5 back slaps and 5 chest thrusts until the object comes out and the baby is breathing
- If the object cannot be expelled and the baby becomes unresponsive you must begin CPR